Some geographical data about Iceland

 

 
Area of Iceland, sq. km  

103,000

 

 

Vegetation

23,805

 

 

Lakes

2,757

 

 

Glaciers

11,922

 

 

Wasteland

64,538

 

 

Sea area within fishing limits

758,000

 

 

Coast line, km

4,970

 

 

 

 

 

Area by height in meters above sea level, sq km

 

0–200

24,700

 

 

201–400

18,400

 

 

401–600

22,200

 

 

601 meters and over

37,700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distance between Iceland and nearest countries, km

 

Greenland

287

 

 

Faroe Islands

420

 

 

Jan Mayen

550

 

 

Scotland

798

 

 

Norway

970

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Most beautiful lakes in Iceland

 

 

Sq. km

Dept in meters

 

Þingvallavatn

82

114

 

Lögurinn

53

112

 

Mývatn

37

 

 

Öskjuvatn

11

220

 

 

 

 

Primary island by sq. km

 

Heimaey

13

 

 

Hrísey á Eyjafirði

8

 

 

Grímsey

5

 

 

Flatey á Skjálfanda

3

 

 

Viðey

2

 

 

Surtsey

2

 

 

 

 

 

Primary glaciers by sq. km

 

Vatnajökull

8,300

 

 

Langjökull

953

 

 

Hofsjökull

925

 

 

Mýrdalsjökull

596

 

 

Drangajökull

160

 

 

Snæfellsjökull

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primary rivers

 

 

Length in km

m3/sec

 

Þjórsá

230

370

 

Jökulsá á Fjöllum

206

183

 

Ölfusá/Hvítá

185

423

 

Skjálfandafljót

178

95

 

Jökulsá á Dal

150

205

 

Hvítá í Borgarfirði

117

89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primary waterfalls height in meters

 

Glymur í Botnsá

190

 

 

Háifoss í Fossá

122

 

 

Hengifoss í Hengifossá

110

 

 

Seljalandsfoss í Seljalandsá

65

 

 

Skógafoss í Skógá

62

 

 

Dettifoss í Jökulsá á Fjöllum

44

 

 

Gullfoss í Hvítá

32

 

 

Hjálparfoss í Fossá

13

 

 

Goðafoss í Skjálfandafljóti

12

 

 

 

 

 

Noteworthy mountains height in meters above sea level

 

Hvannadalshnjúkur

2,110

 

 

Kverkfjöll

1,920

 

 

Snæfell

1,833

 

 

Hekla

1,491

 

 

Snæfellsjökull

1,446

 

 

Skjaldbreiður

1,060

 

 

Esja

914

 

Source: Statistics Iceland

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